E-Book Review and Description:
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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2011 im Fachbereich VWL – Umweltökonomie, Note: 1,3, Universität Hohenheim, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: „Umweltpolitik muss den Marktmechanismus nutzen und damit gezielt auf mehr Wettbewerb um effiziente und umweltfreundliche Technologien und Verfahren setzen“ [BMU (2010, S. 10)]. So lautet eine der Leitlinien zur umweltpolitischen Zukunftsgestaltung im Umweltbericht 2010 des Bundesministeriums für Umweltschutz. Die Diskussion um die richtige Ausgestaltung der Umweltpolitik in Deutschland beschäftigt seit Jahrzehnten die Experten. Nachdem sich weder Maßnahmen wie Emissionsobergrenzen oder Umweltzertifikate langfristig durchsetzen konnten, gewann in letzter Zeit immer mehr das Instrument der Selbstverpflichtung an Popularität [vgl. Knebel et al. (1999, S. 283), Cansier (1997, S. 2)]. Selbstverpflichtungen der Wirtschaft
gegenüber dem Staat sind ein Mittel zur Umsetzung des in der deutschen Umweltpolitik praktizierten Kooperationsprinzips [vgl. Rennings et al. (1997, S. 178)]. Es handelt sich meist um formlose Erklärungen eines Wirtschaftsverbandes o.ä., innerhalb eines bestimmten Zeitraums ein umweltpolitisches Ziel zu erreichen [vgl. Knebel et al. (1999, S. 283)]. Deutschland nimmt im europäischen Vergleich eine führende Rolle ein, was die Gesamtzahl der abgegebenen Verpflichtungen angeht. Lediglich die Niederlande weist eine noch höhere Anzahl auf [vgl. Sukopp (2002, S. 228)]. Während Befürworter das Instrument der Selbstverpflichtung vor allem aufgrund der Möglichkeit der flexiblen Ausgestaltung, den niedrigen Kosten und der schnellen Wirksamkeit loben, es als modern und marktkonform anpreisen, bemängeln Kritiker die Unverbindlichkeit und damit verbunden die umweltpoltische Eignung [vgl. Sukopp (2002, S. 227)]. Doch wie sieht es in der Praxis aus? Stellen freiwillige Selbstverpflichtungen tatsächlich das umweltpolitische Instrument der Zukunft dar? Gelten sie zu Recht als Allheilmittel zur Lösung von Umweltproblemen?
- File Size: 661 KB
- Print Length: 24 pages
- Publisher: GRIN Verlag; 1 edition (December 7, 2011)
- Publication Date: December 7, 2011
- Sold by: Amazon Digital Services LLC
- Language: German
- ASIN: B007I6NXFS
- Text-to-Speech: Enabled
- X-Ray: Not Enabled
- Word Wise: Not Enabled
- Lending: Not Enabled
- Screen Reader: Supported
- Enhanced Typesetting: Enabled
Excellent Tips For A Better Ebook Reading
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Many of the times, it has been felt that the readers, who are utilizing the eBooks for first time, happen to have a demanding time before getting used to them. Most commonly, it occurs when the brand new readers stop utilizing the eBooks as they're unable to utilize them with the appropriate and effective style of reading these books. There present variety of motives behind it due to which the readers quit reading the eBooks at their first most attempt to utilize them. However, there exist some techniques that could help the readers to have a good and powerful reading experience.
Someone should adjust the proper brightness of screen before reading the eBook. It is a most common issue that most of the folks usually tolerate while using an eBook. As a result of this they suffer from eye sores and headaches. The best option to overcome this severe difficulty is to decrease the brightness of the displays of eBook by making particular changes in the settings. You can even adjust the brightness of screen depending on the kind of system you are utilizing as there exists bunch of the approaches to adjust the brightness. It's suggested to keep the brightness to potential minimum level as this will help you to increase the time which you can spend in reading and provide you great comfort onto your eyes while reading.
An excellent eBook reader should be installed. It will be useful to really have a good eBook reader to be able to have a great reading experience and high quality eBook display. You can also make use of free software that may provide the readers with many functions to the reader than only an easy platform to read the wanted eBooks. You can even save all your eBooks in the library that is also supplied to the user by the software program and have a great display of all your eBooks as well as access them by identifying them from their specific cover. Apart from offering a place to save all your precious eBooks, the eBook reader software even give you a lot of characteristics to be able to enhance your eBook reading experience than the traditional paper books. You can also improve your eBook reading experience with help of options provided by the software program such as the font size, full display mode, the specific variety of pages that need to be exhibited at once and also alter the color of the background.
You must not make use of the eBook continuously for a lot of hours without breaks. You should take appropriate rests after specific intervals while reading. Many of the times we forget that we're supposed to take breaks while we are coping with anything on the computer screen and are engrossed in reading the content on screen. Nevertheless, this does not mean that you should step away from the computer screen every now and then. Continuous reading your eBook on the computer screen for a long time without taking any break can cause you headache, cause your neck pain and suffer with eye sores and also cause night blindness. So, it is necessary to provide your eyes rest for a little while by taking rests after specific time intervals. This can help you to prevent the troubles that otherwise you may face while reading an eBook constantly.
While reading the eBooks, you must favor to read enormous text. Generally, you will observe the text of the eBook tends to be in medium size. It is proposed to read the eBook with big text. So, raise the size of the text of the eBook while reading it on the monitor. Even though this will definitely mean that you will have less text on each page and greater number of page turning, you will be able to read your desired eBook with great convenience and have a good reading experience with better eBook display.
It's suggested that never use eBook reader in full screen mode. It is recommended not to go for reading the eBook in full-screen mode. Though it might look simple to read with full-screen without turning the page of the eBook quite frequently, it put lot of pressure in your eyes while reading in this mode. Constantly prefer to read the eBook in the exact same span that would be similar to the printed book. This really is so, because your eyes are used to the length of the printed book and it would be comfy that you read in exactly the same manner. Test out various shapes or sizes until you find one with which you will be comfortable to read eBook.
By using different techniques of page turn you could also enhance your eBook encounter. You can try many ways to turn the pages of eBook to enhance your reading experience. Check out whether you can turn the page with some arrow keys or click a particular portion of the screen, aside from using the mouse to handle everything. Favor to make us of arrow keys if you're leaning forwards. Attempt to use the mouse if you are comfortable sitting back. Lesser the movement you need to make while reading the eBook better is going to be your reading experience.
Technical issues One problem on eBook readers with LCD screens is that it WOn't take long before you strain your eyes from reading. To help avoid this, you should use the “white on black” feature of your iPad or similar characteristics to other eBook readers. This will definitely help make reading easier.
By using all these effective techniques, you can surely improve your eBook reading experience to a terrific extent. This advice will help you not only to prevent certain dangers which you may face while reading eBook often but also ease you to relish the reading experience with great relaxation.