Umweltpolitik ohne staatlichen Zwang: Freiwillige Selbstverpflichtung am Beispiel der europäischen Automobilindustrie (German Edition)

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Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2011 im Fachbereich VWL – Umweltökonomie, Note: 1,3, Universität Hohenheim, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: „Umweltpolitik muss den Marktmechanismus nutzen und damit gezielt auf mehr Wettbewerb um effiziente und umweltfreundliche Technologien und Verfahren setzen“ [BMU (2010, S. 10)]. So lautet eine der Leitlinien zur umweltpolitischen Zukunftsgestaltung im Umweltbericht 2010 des Bundesministeriums für Umweltschutz. Die Diskussion um die richtige Ausgestaltung der Umweltpolitik in Deutschland beschäftigt seit Jahrzehnten die Experten. Nachdem sich weder Maßnahmen wie Emissionsobergrenzen oder Umweltzertifikate langfristig durchsetzen konnten, gewann in letzter Zeit immer mehr das Instrument der Selbstverpflichtung an Popularität [vgl. Knebel et al. (1999, S. 283), Cansier (1997, S. 2)]. Selbstverpflichtungen der Wirtschaft
gegenüber dem Staat sind ein Mittel zur Umsetzung des in der deutschen Umweltpolitik praktizierten Kooperationsprinzips [vgl. Rennings et al. (1997, S. 178)]. Es handelt sich meist um formlose Erklärungen eines Wirtschaftsverbandes o.ä., innerhalb eines bestimmten Zeitraums ein umweltpolitisches Ziel zu erreichen [vgl. Knebel et al. (1999, S. 283)]. Deutschland nimmt im europäischen Vergleich eine führende Rolle ein, was die Gesamtzahl der abgegebenen Verpflichtungen angeht. Lediglich die Niederlande weist eine noch höhere Anzahl auf [vgl. Sukopp (2002, S. 228)]. Während Befürworter das Instrument der Selbstverpflichtung vor allem aufgrund der Möglichkeit der flexiblen Ausgestaltung, den niedrigen Kosten und der schnellen Wirksamkeit loben, es als modern und marktkonform anpreisen, bemängeln Kritiker die Unverbindlichkeit und damit verbunden die umweltpoltische Eignung [vgl. Sukopp (2002, S. 227)]. Doch wie sieht es in der Praxis aus? Stellen freiwillige Selbstverpflichtungen tatsächlich das umweltpolitische Instrument der Zukunft dar? Gelten sie zu Recht als Allheilmittel zur Lösung von Umweltproblemen?

Product Details

  • File Size: 661 KB
  • Print Length: 24 pages
  • Publisher: GRIN Verlag; 1 edition (December 7, 2011)
  • Publication Date: December 7, 2011
  • Sold by:  Amazon Digital Services LLC
  • Language: German
  • ASIN: B007I6NXFS
  • Text-to-Speech: Enabled
  • X-Ray: Not Enabled
  • Word Wise: Not Enabled
  • Lending: Not Enabled
  • Screen Reader: Supported
  • Enhanced Typesetting: Enabled

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