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How does science work? Does it inform us what the world is "truly" like? What makes it completely totally different from totally different strategies of understanding the universe? In Theory and Actuality, Peter Godfrey-Smith addresses these questions by taking the reader on a grand tour of one hundred years of debate about science. The result is a completely accessible introduction to the most essential themes of the philosophy of science.
Meant for undergraduates and widespread readers with no prior background in philosophy, Theory and Actuality covers logical positivism; the points of induction and affirmation; Karl Popper's idea of science; Thomas Kuhn and "scientific revolutions"; the views of Imre Lakatos, Larry Laudan, and Paul Feyerabend; and challenges to the topic from sociology of science, feminism, and science analysis. The book then appears in further component at some specific points and theories, along with scientific realism, the idea-ladeness of comment, scientific rationalization, and Bayesianism. Lastly, Godfrey-Smith defends a kind of philosophical naturalism as the biggest strategy to treatment the essential points in the topic.
All by way of the textual content material he elements out connections between philosophical debates and wider discussions about science in present many years, akin to the infamous "science wars." Examples and asides work together the beginning scholar; a glossary of phrases explains key concepts; and methods for extra learning are included at the end of each chapter. However, this could be a textbook that doesn't actually really feel like a textbook in consequence of it captures the historic drama of modifications in how science has been conceived over the remaining one hundred years.
Like no totally different textual content material on this topic, Theory and Actuality combines a survey of present historic previous of the philosophy of science with current key debates in language that any beginning scholar or essential reader can adjust to.
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