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The Umbanda religion summons the spirits of earlier slaves and Brazilian Indians to speak by the use of the mouths of mediums in trance. Its practitioners worship African gods, sometimes calling them by the names of Catholic saints; concurrently embrace the concepts of karma, reincarnation, and Christian charity; and contemplate in the capacities of every fashionable science and historic magic. A relatively new religion courting to the beginning of the twentieth century, Umbanda has its origins in Rio de Janeiro and its surrounding metropolis areas the place Afro-Brazilians, many ex-slaves or the descendants of slaves, practiced variations of the religion handed proper right down to them by their ancestors. Umbanda's status has grown tremendously over the earlier century, attracting not solely people who search the assist of spirits in fixing points in their lives, nevertheless these in pursuit of a path to a rich spiritual life and a fellowship of faith and restore.
Over the course of just about a decade, Lindsay Hale spent quite a few hours attending rituals and festivals and interviewing members of Umbanda, immersing himself in this fascinating religious world. In describing its many options and exploring its distinctive place inside the lives of all types of practitioners, Hale places Umbanda spiritual beliefs and practices inside the broader context of Brazilian historic previous and custom.
ABOUT THE CONTRIBUTORS
Lindsay Hale is a social anthropologist who has carried out evaluation on Umbanda and totally different Afro-Brazilian religions since 1986. He earned his PhD in 1994 at the School of Texas, Austin, and has taught anthropology and Latin American analysis packages there since 1995.
"[Hale's] success at conveying the flavour of ritual experience and the personalities of the quite a few spirits he encounters should go far in partaking newcomers to the analysis of Umbanda to further uncover its enchanted worlds."– Journal of Latin American Analysis
"Extraordinarily actually useful."– Choice
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