Inside the Bible the determine David is borne solely by the second king of Israel, the great-grandson of Boaz and Ruth (Ruth 4:18 sqq.). He was the youngest of the eight sons of Isai, or Jesse (1 Samuel sixteen:eight; cf. 1 Chronicles 2:13), a small proprietor, of the tribe of Juda, dwelling at Bethlehem, the place David was born. Our info of David's life and character is derived solely from the pages of Sacred Scripture, viz., 1 Samuel sixteen; 1 Kings 2; 1 Chronicles 2, three, 10-29; Ruth 4:18-22, and the titles of many Psalms. In accordance with the usual chronology, David was born in 1085 and reigned from 1055 to 1015 B.C. Present writers have been induced by the Assyrian inscriptions up to now his reign from 30 to 50 years later. Inside the bounds imposed it is inconceivable to offer higher than a unadorned outline of the events of his life and a fast estimate of his character and his significance inside the historic previous of the chosen people, as king, psalmist, prophet, and kind of the Messias.
The historic previous of David falls naturally into three durations: (1) sooner than his elevation to the throne; (2) his reign, at Hebron over Juda, and at Jerusalem over all Israel, until his sin; (three) his sin and remaining years. He first appears in sacred historic previous as a shepherd lad, tending his father's flocks inside the fields near Bethlehem, "ruddy and pretty to behold and of a comely face". Samuel, the Prophet and ultimate of the judges, had been despatched to anoint him as an alternative of Saul, whom God had rejected for disobedience. The relations of David do not seem to have acknowledged the significance of this unction, which marked him as a result of the successor to the throne after the demise of Saul.
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