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In considered one of his sermons, the medieval preacher Bernardino of Siena listed seven ‘fathers’ to whom one owed obedience: God, one’s pure father, godfather, confessor, benefactor, a authorities official, and any aged man. This book seeks to reply the query of why medieval Europeans noticed the necessity for therefore many ‘fathers.’ Why was fatherhood so interesting as a metaphor?
Located on the intersection of social and cultural historical past, the research attracts upon quite a lot of late-medieval and early-trendy sources together with witness depositions, private letters and pedagogical treatises from the town of Basel, Switzerland. It focuses on how individuals from totally different walks of life invoked concepts about fatherhood in the pursuit of varied objectives – not solely the ideological agendas of scholarly elites, but in addition the extra pragmatic issues of closing a enterprise deal, claiming an inheritance, or selecting sides in a fistfight – earlier than turning to what these concepts reveal about fatherhood ‘on the bottom.’
The book argues that it was exactly fatherhood’s foundation in lived expertise that gave it a well-known ‘form’ in the a number of roles that fathers performed, together with provision, affection, disciplinary authority, and schooling. Probably the most potent rhetorical facet of fatherhood, nevertheless, was not as a static image or form, however somewhat the potential for invoking connections between one position and one other. Probably the most potent connection between roles was the concept fathers have been 'affectionate authorities,' combining energy over subordinates with want for his or her properly-being. Tracing the connections and contradictions of those identities, this research offers a nuanced view of ideas of fatherhood on the eve of the Reformation.
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